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TREES AND... PLANTING

 

TREES AND...

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When to plant trees
The climate mostly determinates the ideal time to plant trees. Newly planted trees generally do well when exposed to mild temperatures and moderate rainfall; they need time to acclimatize before the heat and drought of summer or the cold of winter. That’s why the ideal planting time is either spring or early autumn (the more northern, the more people prefer spring). Either right before trees start shooting and/or leaves start falling.

How to plant trees
Planting can differ according to which type of tree you’re planting. Eventually the tree will be planted into a planting hole, but not just any planting hole will do!
The most common mistake made is a too narrow or too deep planting hole. Planting the tree too deep means that the roots won’t get enough oxygen. Planting the tree in a very narrow hole, means that the root structure will not be able to develop, thus not providing the tree with enough minerals. The tree will also not be anchored enough when planted into a narrow hole. The general rule is that a tree shouldn’t be planted deeper than its growth place. The width of the hole should be three times the diameter of the root. That should provide the tree with enough room and loose soil to allow the root system to develop properly.

Planting trees with root canvas or net
These trees need to be planted as quickly as possible, but if necessary they can be stored for a few days in a cool place, provided the roots are kept damp. Always lift the trees by the root, never by the trunk. Always set the trees down gently, never drop them. Remove all synthetic material or metal when planting, the metal doesn’t get consumed and can jam the roots and limit growth if the canvas is left intact. These materials are in fact aids to protect the roots after felling and during transport. Once the stripped roots are in to hole, we use an anchor point for larger trees and (optionally) a draining system to enable easier watering or fertilizing. Use a mixture of compost, organic material, soil and planting soil to fill the planting hole. We have our own high-tech mixture for our customers. Do not stamp the soil too firmly and wait a few weeks to add more soil if necessary.

Planting trees from containers
These really should be planted immediately. The planting procedure is the same as trees with a root canvas. Remove the whole container. Take a look at the roots. If the roots are very compact, loosen them using your finger and try to spread the roots before planting. Loosening the roots is important, otherwise the roots would ‘strangle’ each other, resulting in a dead tree.

Planting trees with naked roots
As the title suggests, the trees have little or no soil between their roots. As in the previous case, the trees should be planted immediately and more importantly, during transportation the trees and roots should be covered completely; this prevents dehydration and is a good tip to consider when transporting any type of plant. Before buying, one should examine the roots for enough moist, length and enough hair roots.
When planting, broken roots can be cut off try to keep as much of the root structure intact as possible. When planting, you should follow the same steps as trees with a root canvas, the only difference being that in the middle of the planting hole there should be a small conical “hill” allowing the roots to fan out. You can place a stake to provide more support. When filling the planting hole, you should shake the trunk from time to time, allowing the soil to fill up the spaces between the roots, thus preventing rotting afterwards.

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